The Altons at Doom and Bloom Medical have a good post covering the items you need to have in an off grid or austere medicine dental kit.
Poor dental health, however, can cause issues that affect the work efficiency of members of your group in survival settings. When your people are not at 100% effectiveness, your chances for survival decrease. Anyone who has experienced a toothache knows how it affects work performance.
When modern dental technology is not an option, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. This strategy is especially important when it comes to your teeth. By maintaining good dental hygiene, you will save your loved ones a lot of pain (and yourself a few headaches).
Let’s discuss some procedures that both you and I know are best performed by someone with experience. Unfortunately, you’re probably don’t have a dentist in the family. The information here will at least give you a basis of knowledge that may help you deal with some basic issues.
some components for a dental kit
The prepared medic will have included dental supplies in their storage, but what exactly would make sense in austere settings? You would want the kit to be portable, so dentist chairs and other heavy equipment wouldn’t be practical.
In the past, we’ve mentioned that gloves for medical and dental purposes are one item that you should always have in quantity. Avoid sticking your bare hands in someone’s mouth. Hypoallergenic nitrile gloves are, in my opinion, superior to latex. For additional protection, masks should also be stored and worn by the medic. The simple “earloop” versions will do for dental exams.
Other items that are useful to the off-grid “dentist” include:
- Dental floss, dental picks, toothbrushes, toothpaste (or baking soda)
- Dental or orthodontic wax as used for braces; even candle wax will do in a pinch. Use it to splint a loose tooth to its neighbors.
- A Rubber bite block to keep the mouth open. This provides good visualization and protection from getting bitten. A large-sized pink eraser would serve the purpose.
- Cotton pellets, Cotton rolls, Q tips, gauze sponges (cut into small squares)
- Commercial temporary filling material, such as Tempanol, Cavit, or Den-temp.
- Oil of cloves (eugenol), a natural anesthetic.It’s important to know that eugenol might burn the tongue, so be careful when touching anything but teeth with it. Often found in commercial preparations.
- Red Cross Toothache Medicine (85% eugenol)
- DenTemp Toothache Drops (benzocaine )
- Zinc oxide powder; when mixed with 2 drops of clove oil, it will harden into temporary filling cement.
- Spatula for mixing (a tongue depressor will do)
- Oil of oregano, a natural antibacterial.
- A bulb syringe to blow air and dry teeth for better visualization, and as a diagnostic tool to elicit discomfort in damaged teeth.
- A 12cc Curved irrigation syringe to clean areas upon which work is being done.
- Scalpels (#15 or #10) to incise and drain abscesses
- Dental probes, also called “explorers”.
- Dental tweezers
- Dental mirrors
- Dental scrapers/scalers to remove plaque and probe questionable areas
- Spoon excavators. These instruments have a flat circular tip that is used to “excavate” decayed material from a tooth. A powered dental drill would be a much better choice, but not likely to be an option off the grid.
- Elevators. These are thin but solid chisel-like instruments that help with extractions by separating ligaments that hold teeth in their sockets. #301 or #12B are good choices. In a pinch, some parts of a Swiss army knife might work.
- Extraction forceps. These are like pliers with curved ends. They come in versions specific to upper and lower teeth and, sometimes, left and right.